Civil Code of the Russian Federation

part one of November 30, 1994 N 51-FZ,
part two dated January 26, 1996 year N 14-FZ
and part three of November 26, 2001 N 146-FZ
(as amended up to January 26, February 20, August 12, 1996, October 24, 1997
July 8, December 17, 1999, April 16, May 15, November 26, 2001, March 21, 14,
November 26, 2002, January 10, March 26, November 11, December 23, 2003, June 29,
July 29, December 2, 29, 30, 2004, March 21, May 9, July 2, 18, 21, 2005, 3,
January 10, February 2, June 3, 30, July 27, November 3, December 4, 2006)

Part one

SECTION I. General provisions.

Subsection 1. Basic provisions.

Chapter 1. Civil law.

Articles: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Chapter 2 The emergence of civil rights and obligations, the exercise and protection of civil rights.

Articles: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

Subsection 2. Persons.

Chapter 3 Citizens (individuals).

Articles: 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47

Chapter 4 Legal entities.

§one. The main provisions.
Articles: 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65,
§2. Business partnerships and companies.
1. General Provisions. Articles: 66, 67, 68,
2. Full partnership. Articles: 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81,
3. Partnership on faith. Articles: 82, 83, 84, 85, 86,
4. Limited liability company. Articles: 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94,
5. Additional liability company. Articles: 95,
6. Joint-stock company. Articles: 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104,
7. Subsidiaries and affiliates. Articles: 105, 106,
§3. Production cooperatives.
Articles: 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112,
§four. State and municipal unitary enterprises.
Articles: 113, 114, 115,
§five. Non-profit organizations.
Articles: 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123

Chapter 5 Participation of the Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation, municipalities in relations regulated by civil legislation.

Articles: 124, 125, 126, 127

Subsection 3. Objects of civil rights.

Chapter 6 General provisions.

Articles: 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141

Chapter 7 Securities.

Articles: 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149

Chapter 8 Intangible benefits and their protection.

Articles: 150, 151, 152

Subsection 4. Transactions and representation.

Chapter 9 Deals.

§one. The concept, types and form of transactions.
Articles: 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165,
§2. Invalidity of transactions.
Articles: 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181

Chapter 10 Representation. Power of attorney.

Articles: 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189

Subsection 5. Timing. Limitation of actions.

Chapter 11 Calculation of terms.

Articles: 190, 191, 192, 193, 194

Chapter 12 Limitation of actions.

Articles: 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208

SECTION II. Ownership and other property rights.

Chapter 13 General provisions.

Articles: 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217

Chapter 14 Acquisition of title.

Articles: 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234

Chapter 15 Termination of ownership.

Articles: 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243

Chapter 16 Shared property.

Articles: 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259

Chapter 17 Ownership and other property rights to land.

Articles: 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287

Chapter 18 Ownership and other property rights to residential premises.

Articles: 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293

Chapter 19 The right of economic management, the right of operational management.

Articles: 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300

Chapter 20 Protection of property rights and other property rights.

Articles: 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306

SECTION III. The general part of the law of obligations.

Subsection 1. General provisions on obligations.

Chapter 21 The concept and the parties to the obligation.

Articles: 307, 308

Chapter 22 Execution of obligations.

Articles: 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328

Chapter 23 Enforcement of obligations.

§one. General provisions.
Articles: 329,
§2. Unhealthy.
Articles: 330, 331, 332, 333,
§3. Pledge.
Articles: 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358,
§four. Hold.
Articles: 359, 360,
§five. Surety.
Articles: 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367,
§6. Bank guarantee.
Articles: 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379,
§7. Deposit.
Articles: 380, 381

Chapter 24 Change of persons in the obligation.

§one. Transfer of creditor’s rights to another person.
Articles: 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390,
§2. Debt transfer.
Articles: 391, 392

Chapter 25 Responsibility for breach of obligations.

Articles: 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406

Chapter 26 Termination of obligations.

Articles: 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419

Subsection 2. General provisions of the contract.

Chapter 27 The concept and terms of the contract.

Articles: 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 428, 429, 430, 431

Chapter 28 The conclusion of the contract.

Articles: 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449

Chapter 29 Change and termination of the contract.

Articles: 450, 451, 452, 453

Part two

SECTION IV. Separate types of obligations.

Chapter 30 Purchase and sale.

§one. General provisions for the sale.
Articles: 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490, 491,
§2. Retail purchase and sale.
Articles: 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505,
§3. Goods supply.
Articles: 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524,
§four. Supply of goods for state or municipal needs.
Articles: 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534,
§five. Contracting
Articles: 535, 536, 537, 538,
§6. Power supply.
Articles: 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548,
§7. Property For Sale.
Articles: 549, 550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557, 558,
§eight. Sale of the enterprise.
Articles: 559, 560, 561, 562, 563, 564, 565, 566

Chapter 31 Mena.

Articles: 567, 568, 569, 570, 571

Chapter 32 Donation.

Articles: 572, 573, 574, 575, 576, 577, 578, 579, 580, 581, 582

Chapter 33 Rent and life maintenance with a dependent.

§one. General provisions on rent and life maintenance with a dependent.
Articles: 583, 584, 585, 586, 587, 588,
§2. Permanent rent.
Articles: 589, 590, 591, 592, 593, 594, 595,
§3. Life annuity.
Articles: 596, 597, 598, 599, 600,
§four. Lifetime maintenance with a dependent.
Articles: 601, 602, 603, 604, 605

Chapter 34 Rent.

§one. General terms of rent.
Articles: 606, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614, 615, 616, 617, 618, 619, 620, 621, 622, 623, 624, 625,
§2. Hire.
Articles: 626, 627, 628, 629, 630, 631,
§3. Rent a vehicle.
1. Rent a vehicle with the provision of management services and technical maintenance. Articles: 632, 633, 634, 635, 636, 637, 638, 639, 640, 641,
2. Rent a vehicle without providing management services and technical maintenance. Articles: 642, 643, 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 649,
§four. Rental of buildings and structures.
Articles: 650, 651, 652, 653, 654, 655,
§five. Rental companies.
Articles: 656, 657, 658, 659, 660, 661, 662, 663, 664,
§6. Financial lease (leasing).
Articles: 665, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670

Chapter 35 Hiring a living space.

Articles: 671, 672, 673, 674, 675, 676, 677, 678, 679, 680, 681, 682, 683, 684, 685, 686, 687, 688

Chapter 36 Gratuitous use.

Articles: 689, 690, 691, 692, 693, 694, 695, 696, 697, 698, 699, 700, 701

Chapter 37 Contract.

§one. General provisions on the contract.
Articles: 702, 703, 704, 705, 706, 707, 708, 709, 710, 711, 712, 713, 714, 715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 720, 721, 722, 723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729,
§2. Household row.
Articles: 730, 731, 732, 733, 734, 735, 736, 737, 738, 739,
§3. Construction contract.
Articles: 740, 741, 742, 743, 744, 745, 746, 747, 748, 749, 750, 751, 752, 753, 754, 755, 756, 757,
§four. Contract for design and survey work.
Articles: 758, 759, 760, 761, 762,
§five. Contract work for state or municipal needs.
Articles: 763, 764, 765, 766, 767, 768

Chapter 38 Performance of research, development and technological works.

Articles: 769, 770, 771, 772, 773, 774, 775, 776, 777, 778

Chapter 39 Onerous provision of services.

Articles: 779, 780, 781, 782, 783

Chapter 40 Shipping.

Articles: 784, 785, 786, 787, 788, 789, 790, 791, 792, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800

Chapter 41 Transport expedition.

Articles: 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 806

Chapter 42 Loan and credit.

§1. Loan.
Articles: 807, 808, 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814, 815, 816, 817, 818,
§2. Credit.
Articles: 819, 820, 821,
§3. Commodity and commercial credit.
Articles: 822, 823

Chapter 43 Funding for the assignment of monetary claims.

Articles: 824, 825, 826, 827, 828, 829, 830, 831, 832, 833

Chapter 44 Bank deposit.

Articles: 834, 835, 836, 837, 838, 839, 840, 841, 842, 843, 844

Chapter 45 Bank account.

Articles: 845, 846, 847, 848, 849, 850, 851, 852, 853, 854, 855, 856, 857, 858, 859, 860

Chapter 46 Calculations.

§one. General provisions on calculations.
Articles: 861, 862,
§2. Calculations of payment orders.
Articles: 863, 864, 865, 866,
§3. Calculations under the letter of credit.
Articles: 867, 868, 869, 870, 871, 872, 873,
§four. Calculations for collection.
Articles: 874, 875, 876,
§five. Calculations by checks.
Articles: 877, 878, 879, 880, 881, 882, 883, 884, 885

Chapter 47 Storage.

§one. General provisions for storage.
Articles: 886, 887, 888, 889, 890, 891, 892, 893, 894, 895, 896, 897, 898, 899, 900, 901, 902, 903, 904, 905, 906,
§2. Storage at the warehouse.
Articles: 907, 908, 909, 910, 911, 912, 913, 914, 915, 916, 917, 918,
§3. Special types of storage.
Articles: 919, 920, 921, 922, 923, 924, 925, 926

Chapter 48 Insurance.

Articles: 927, 928, 929, 930, 931, 932, 933, 934, 935, 936, 937, 938, 939, 940, 941, 942, 943, 944, 945, 946, 947, 948, 949, 950, 951, 952, 953, 954, 955, 956, 957, 958, 959, 960, 961, 962, 963, 964, 965, 966, 967, 968, 969, 970

Chapter 49 Commission.

Articles: 971, 972, 973, 974, 975, 976, 977, 978, 979

Chapter 50 Actions in another's interest without instructions.

Articles: 980, 981, 982, 983, 984, 985, 986, 987, 988, 989

Chapter 51 Commission.

Articles: 990, 991, 992, 993, 994, 995, 996, 997, 998, 999, 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003, 1004

Chapter 52 Agents.

Articles: 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008, 1009, 1010, 1011

Chapter 53. Trust management of property.

Articles: 1012, 1013, 1014, 1015, 1016, 1017, 1018, 1019, 1020, 1021, 1022, 1023, 1024, 1025, 1026

Chapter 54 Commercial concession.

Articles: 1027, 1028, 1029, 1030, 1031, 1032, 1033, 1034, 1035, 1036, 1037, 1038, 1039, 1040

Chapter 55 A simple partnership.

Articles: 1041, 1042, 1043, 1044, 1045, 1046, 1047, 1048, 1049, 1050, 1051, 1052, 1053, 1054

Chapter 56 Public promise rewards.

Articles: 1055, 1056

Chapter 57 Public competition.

Articles: 1057, 1058, 1059, 1060, 1061

Chapter 58 Conducting games and betting.

Articles: 1062, 1063

Chapter 59 Obligation due to harm.

§one. General provisions on compensation for harm.
Articles: 1064, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1069, 1070, 1071, 1072, 1073, 1074, 1075, 1076, 1077, 1078, 1079, 1080, 1081, 1082, 1083,
§2. Compensation of harm caused to the life or health of a citizen.
Articles: 1084, 1085, 1086, 1087, 1088, 1089, 1090, 1091, 1092, 1093, 1094,
§3. Compensation for damage caused by lack of goods, works or services.
Articles: 1095, 1096, 1097, 1098,
§four. Compensation for non-pecuniary damage.
Articles: 1099, 1100, 1101

Chapter 60 Obligations due to unjust enrichment.

Articles: 1102, 1103, 1104, 1105, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1109

Part three

SECTION V. Inheritance law.

Chapter 61 General provisions on inheritance.

Articles: 1110, 1111, 1112, 1113, 1114, 1115, 1116, 1117

Chapter 62 Inheritance by will.

Articles: 1118, 1119, 1120, 1121, 1122, 1123, 1124, 1125, 1126, 1127, 1128, 1129, 1130, 1131, 1132, 1133, 1134, 1135, 1136, 1137, 1138, 1139, 1140

Chapter 63 Inheritance by law.

Articles: 1141, 1142, 1143, 1144, 1145, 1146, 1147, 1148, 1149, 1150, 1151

Chapter 64 Acquisition of inheritance.

Articles: 1152, 1153, 1154, 1155, 1156, 1157, 1158, 1159, 1160, 1161, 1162, 1163, 1164, 1165, 1166, 1167, 1168, 1169, 1170, 1171, 1172, 1173, 1174, 1175

Chapter 65 Inheritance of certain types of property.

Articles: 1176, 1177, 1178, 1179, 1180, 1181, 1182, 1183, 1184, 1185

SECTION VI. International Private Law.

Chapter 66 General provisions.

Articles: 1186, 1187, 1188, 1189, 1190, 1191, 1192, 1193, 1194

Chapter 67 The law to be applied in determining the legal status of persons.

Articles: 1195, 1196, 1197, 1198, 1199, 1200, 1201, 1202, 1203, 1204

Chapter 68 The right to apply to property and personal non-property relations.

Articles: 1205, 1206, 1207, 1208, 1209, 1210, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1216, 1217, 1218, 1219, 1220, 1221, 1222, 1223, 1224