Article 1. Basic principles of civil law.

1. Civil law is based on recognizing the equality of participants in relations regulated by it, the inviolability of property, freedom of contract, the inadmissibility of arbitrary interference with anyone in private affairs, the need for unhindered exercise of civil rights, ensuring the restoration of violated rights, their judicial protection.
2. Citizens (individuals) and legal entities acquire and exercise their civil rights through their own will and in their interest. They are free to establish their rights and obligations on the basis of a contract and to determine any conditions of the contract that do not contradict the law.
Civil rights may be restricted on the basis of federal law and only to the extent necessary to protect the foundations of the constitutional order, morality, health, rights and legitimate interests of others, to ensure the defense of the country and the security of the state.
3. Goods, services and financial assets move freely throughout the Russian Federation.
Restrictions on the movement of goods and services may be imposed in accordance with federal law, if this is necessary to ensure safety, protect human life and health, and protect nature and cultural values.

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References to other articles of chapter 1. Civil law: