Article 1079. Responsibility for harm caused by an activity that creates an increased danger to others.
1. Legal entities and citizens whose activities are associated with increased danger to others (the use of vehicles, machinery, high-voltage electrical energy, atomic energy, explosives, potent poisons, etc .; the implementation of construction and other related activities and others), are obliged to compensate for the damage caused by a source of increased danger, if they do not prove that the damage was caused by force majeure or the intent of the victim. The owner of a source of increased danger may be discharged by the court in full or in part also on the grounds provided for by paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 1083 of this Code.
The obligation to compensate for harm is imposed on a legal entity or citizen who owns a source of increased danger on the right of ownership, the right of economic management or the right of operational management, or on other legal grounds (on the right of lease, on the power of attorney to drive the vehicle). transfer to him of a source of increased danger, etc.).
2. The owner of a source of increased danger shall not be liable for damage caused by this source if it proves that the source has left its possession as a result of the unlawful actions of other persons. Responsibility for harm caused by a source of increased danger in such cases is borne by persons who unlawfully seized the source. If there is a fault of the owner of a source of increased danger in the unlawful removal of this source from his possession, responsibility may be placed on both the owner and the person who unlawfully took possession of the source of increased danger.
3. Owners of sources of increased danger are jointly and severally liable for damage caused by the interaction of these sources (vehicle collisions, etc.) to third parties on the grounds provided for by paragraph 1 of this article.
Damage caused as a result of the interaction of sources of increased danger to their owners is compensated on a general basis (Article 1064).
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References to other articles of chapter 59. Obligations as a result of harm:
Article 1064. General grounds for liability for causing harm.
Article 1065. Prevention of harm.
Article 1066. Causing harm in a state of necessary defense.
Article 1067. Causing harm in a state of extreme necessity.
Article 1068. Responsibility of a legal entity or citizen for the harm caused by its employee.
Article 1069. Responsibility for harm caused by state bodies, bodies of local self-government, as well as their officials.
Article 1070. Responsibility for damage caused by unlawful actions of the bodies of inquiry, preliminary investigation, the prosecutor's office and the court.
Article 1071. Bodies and persons acting on behalf of the treasury for compensation for harm at its expense.
Article 1072. Compensation of damage by a person who has insured his liability.
Article 1073. Liability for harm caused by minors under the age of fourteen.
Article 1074. Liability for harm caused by minors between the ages of fourteen and eighteen.
Article 1075. Responsibility of parents deprived of parental rights for harm caused by minors.
Article 1076. Responsibility for harm caused by a citizen who is recognized as incapable.
Article 1077. Responsibility for harm caused by a citizen who is recognized as partially capable.
Article 1078. Responsibility for harm caused by a citizen who is not capable of understanding the meaning of his actions.
Article 1080. Liability for jointly caused harm.
Article 1081. The right of recourse to the person who caused the harm.
Article 1082. Ways of compensation.
Article 1083. Taking into account the fault of the victim and the property status of the person who caused the harm.
Article 1084. Compensation of harm caused to the life or health of a citizen in the performance of contractual or other obligations.
Article 1085. The scope and nature of compensation for damage caused by damage to health.
Article 1086. Definition of earnings (income) lost as a result of damage to health.
Article 1087. Indemnification in case of damage to the health of a person who has not reached the age of majority.
Article 1088. Compensation of harm to persons who suffered damage as a result of the death of the breadwinner.
Article 1089. The amount of compensation for the harm suffered in case of death of the breadwinner.
Article 1090. Subsequent change in the amount of compensation for harm.
Article 1091. An increase in the amount of compensation for harm in connection with an increase in the cost of living.
Article 1092. Payments for damages.
Article 1093. Indemnification in case of termination of a legal entity.
Article 1094. Reimbursement of expenses for burial.
Article 1095. Grounds for compensation for damage caused by deficiencies in a product, work, or service.
Article 1096. Persons responsible for harm caused by defects in a product, work or service.
Article 1097. Terms of compensation for damage caused as a result of defects in a product, work or service.
Article 1098. Grounds for exemption from liability for damage caused as a result of defects in a product, work or service.
Article 1099. General Provisions.
Article 1100. Grounds for compensation for non-pecuniary damage.
Article 1101. Method and amount of compensation for moral harm.