Article 1186. Definition of law applicable to civil law relations with the participation of foreign persons or civil law relations complicated by another foreign element.

1. The law applicable to civil law relations involving foreign citizens or foreign legal entities or civil law relations complicated by another foreign element, including in cases when the object of civil rights is abroad, is determined on the basis of international treaties Federation, this Code, other laws (clause 2 of Article 3) and customs recognized in the Russian Federation. The specifics of determining the law to be applied by international commercial arbitration shall be established by the law on international commercial arbitration. 2. If, in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article, it is impossible to determine the law to be applied, the law of the country with which the civil-law relationship complicated by the foreign element is most closely related shall apply. 3. If an international treaty of the Russian Federation contains substantive rules to be applied to the relevant relation, the determination on the basis of the conflict of laws rules applicable to issues fully regulated by such substantive rules is excluded.

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References to other articles of chapter 66. General provisions:
Article 1187. Qualification of legal concepts in determining the law to be applied.
Article 1188. Application of the law of a country with a plurality of legal systems.
Article 1189. Reciprocity.
Article 1190. Return reference.
Article 1191. Establishment of the content of the norms of foreign law.
Article 1192. The application of peremptory norms.
Article 1193. Reservation of public order.
Article 1194. Retorts.