Article 152. Protection of honor, dignity and business reputation.
1. A citizen shall have the right to demand in court a refutation of information defaming his honor, dignity or business reputation, if the information disseminated does not prove that they correspond to reality. At the request of those interested, protection of the honor and dignity of a citizen is allowed even after his death. 2. If information discrediting the honor, dignity or business reputation of a citizen is disseminated in the mass media, they must be refuted in the same mass media. If the specified information is contained in a document originating from the organization, such document shall be replaced or withdrawn. The procedure for refutation in other cases is established by the court. 3. A citizen, in respect of whom the mass media published information that infringes his rights or interests protected by law, has the right to publish his answer in the same mass media. 4. If the court decision is not executed, the court shall have the right to impose a fine on the violator, in the amount and in the manner prescribed by the procedural legislation, to the income of the Russian Federation. Payment of the fine does not relieve the offender from the obligation to perform the action provided for by the court decision. 5. A citizen, in respect of whom information that defames his honor, dignity or business reputation is disseminated, has the right, along with the refutation of such information, to demand compensation for damages and moral damage caused by their distribution. 6. If it is impossible to identify a person who disseminated information discrediting the honor, dignity or business reputation of a citizen, a person in respect of whom such information was disseminated has the right to apply to the court to declare the information disseminated as untrue. 7. The rules of this article on the protection of the business reputation of a citizen respectively apply to the protection of the business reputation of a legal entity.