Article 244. The concept and grounds for the emergence of common property.

1. Property owned by two or more persons belongs to them by the right of common ownership. 2. The property may be in common ownership with the definition of the share of each of the owners in the right of ownership (shared ownership) or without the definition of such shares (joint ownership). 3. Shared ownership of property is shared, unless the law provides for the formation of joint ownership of this property. 4. Common property arises when property is acquired by two or several persons, which cannot be divided without changing its purpose (indivisible things) or is not subject to division by virtue of the law. Common ownership of the property being divided arises in cases provided for by law or by contract. 5. By agreement of the participants in joint ownership, and if no agreement is reached by a court decision, the share ownership of these persons may be established on the common property.

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References to other articles of chapter 16. Shared ownership:
Article 245. Determination of shares in the right of shared ownership.
Article 246. Disposition of property in common ownership.
Article 247. Possession and use of property in common ownership.
Article 248. The fruits, products and income from the use of property in common ownership.
Article 249. Expenditures for the maintenance of property in common ownership.
Article 250. Preemptive right of purchase.
Article 251. The moment of transfer of a share in the right of common ownership to the acquirer under the contract.
Article 252. The division of property in common ownership and the separation from it of a share.
Article 253. Possession, use and disposal of jointly owned property.
Article 254. The division of jointly owned property and the separation of a share from it.
Article 255. Claim on share in common property.
Article 256. The common property of spouses.
Article 257. Property of a Peasant (Farm) Economy
Article 258. The division of property of a peasant (farm) economy.
Article 259. Property of an economic partnership or a peasant (farm) economy.