Article 256. The common property of spouses.

1. The property acquired by the spouses during the marriage is their joint property, unless a different regime of this property is established by an agreement between them. 2. The property belonging to each of the spouses before marriage, as well as received by one of the spouses during the marriage as a gift or by way of inheritance, is his property. Personal belongings (clothing, shoes, etc.), with the exception of jewels and other luxury goods, although acquired during the marriage at the expense of the common means of the spouses, are recognized as the property of the spouse who used them. The property of each spouse can be recognized as their joint property if it is established that during the marriage, the common property of the spouses or the personal property of the other spouse made investments that significantly increase the value of this property (major repairs, renovations, re-equipment, etc. ). This rule does not apply if the contract between the spouses provides otherwise. 3. According to the obligations of one of the spouses, a penalty may be levied only on the property in his ownership, as well as on his share in the common property of the spouses, which would be due to him when dividing this property. 4. The rules for determining the shares of spouses in common property when it is divided and the procedure for such a section shall be established by the legislation on marriage and the family.

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References to other articles of chapter 16. Shared ownership:
Article 244. The concept and grounds for the emergence of common property.
Article 245. Determination of shares in the right of shared ownership.
Article 246. Disposition of property in common ownership.
Article 247. Possession and use of property in common ownership.
Article 248. The fruits, products and income from the use of property in common ownership.
Article 249. Expenditures for the maintenance of property in common ownership.
Article 250. Preemptive right of purchase.
Article 251. The moment of transfer of a share in the right of common ownership to the acquirer under the contract.
Article 252. The division of property in common ownership and the separation from it of a share.
Article 253. Possession, use and disposal of jointly owned property.
Article 254. The division of jointly owned property and the separation of a share from it.
Article 255. Claim on share in common property.
Article 257. Property of a Peasant (Farm) Economy
Article 258. The division of property of a peasant (farm) economy.
Article 259. Property of an economic partnership or a peasant (farm) economy.