Article 338. Pledge without transfer and with transfer of the pledged property to the pledgee.
1. The mortgaged property shall remain with the mortgagor, unless otherwise provided by the contract. The property on which the mortgage is established, as well as the pledged goods in circulation are not transferred to the pledgee. 2. The subject of pledge may be left with the pledger under lock and seal of the pledge holder. The subject of the pledge may be left with the pledger with the imposition of signs testifying to the pledge (firm pledge). 3. The subject of a pledge transferred by the pledger for the time in the possession or use of a third party shall be considered abandoned by the pledger. 4. When pledging a property right certified by a security, it is transferred to the pledgee or to a notary deposit, unless otherwise provided by the contract.
References to other articles of chapter 23. Ensuring the fulfillment of obligations: