Article 359. Grounds for withholding.
1. A creditor who has a thing to be transferred to the debtor or to a person indicated by the debtor has the right in case the debtor fails to fulfill the obligation to pay the thing or reimburse the creditor of the costs and other losses due to it until the relevant obligation will be done. The retention of a thing can also provide for requirements, although not related to the payment of the thing or the reimbursement of the costs of it and other losses, but arising from the obligation, the parties to which act as entrepreneurs. 2. The creditor may retain the thing in his possession, despite the fact that after this thing came into the possession of the creditor, the rights to it were acquired by a third party. 3. The rules of this Article shall apply, unless the contract provides otherwise.
References to other articles of chapter 23. Ensuring the fulfillment of obligations: