Article 431. Interpretation of the contract.

When interpreting the terms of a contract, the court takes into account the literal meaning of the words and expressions contained in it. The literal meaning of the terms of the contract in case of ambiguity is established by comparison with other conditions and the meaning of the contract as a whole. If the rules contained in the first part of this article do not allow to determine the content of the contract, the real common will of the parties should be clarified, taking into account the purpose of the contract. This takes into account all relevant circumstances, including the negotiations and correspondence preceding the contract, the practice established in the mutual relations of the parties, the customs of business turnover, the subsequent behavior of the parties.

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Links to other articles of chapter 27. The concept and terms of the contract:
Article 420. The Concept of the Contract.
Article 421. Freedom of contract.
Article 422. Contract and Law.
Article 423. Charged and gratuitous contracts.
Article 424. Price.
Article 425. Validity of the contract.
Article 426. Public Contract.
Article 427. Approximate terms of the contract.
Article 428. Treaty of Accession.
Article 429. Preliminary agreement.
Article 430. The contract in favor of a third party.