Article 454. Contract of sale

1. Under the contract of sale, one party (the seller) undertakes to transfer the thing (goods) into ownership to the other party (buyer), and the buyer undertakes to accept this product and pay for it a certain sum of money (price). 2. To the sale and purchase of securities and currency valuables, the provisions provided for in this paragraph shall apply if the law does not establish special rules for their sale and purchase. 3. In the cases provided for by this Code or other law, the specifics of the purchase and sale of certain types of goods are determined by laws and other legal acts. 4. The provisions provided for in this paragraph shall apply to the sale of property rights, unless it follows otherwise from the content or nature of these rights. 5. For certain types of contracts of sale and purchase (retail sale, delivery of goods, delivery of goods for state needs, contracting, power supply, sale of real estate, sale of an enterprise), the provisions provided for in this paragraph shall apply unless otherwise provided by the rules of this Code these types of contracts.

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References to other articles of chapter 30. Purchase and sale:
Article 455. Terms of the contract on the goods.
Article 456. Obligations of the seller for the transfer of goods.
Article 457. The term of the obligation to transfer the goods.
Article 458. The moment of performance of the seller’s obligation to transfer the goods.
Article 459. Transfer of risk of accidental loss of goods.
Article 460. The duty of the seller to transfer the goods free from the rights of third parties.
Article 461. The responsibility of the seller in the event of withdrawal of goods from the buyer.
Article 462. Obligations of the buyer and seller in the event of a claim for seizure of goods.
Article 463. Consequences of non-fulfillment of the obligation to transfer goods.
Article 464. Consequences of the non-fulfillment of the obligation to transfer accessories and documents relating to the goods.
Article 465. Quantity of goods.
Article 466. Consequences of violation of the condition on the quantity of goods.
Article 467. Assortment of goods.
Article 468. Consequences of violation of the condition about the range of goods.
Article 469. The quality of the goods.
Article 470. Product quality assurance.
Article 471. Calculation of the warranty period.
Article 472. Expiration date of the goods.
Article 473. Calculation of the shelf life of the goods.
Article 474. Checking the quality of the goods.
Article 475. Consequences of the transfer of goods of inadequate quality.
Article 476. Deficiencies of the goods for which the seller is responsible.
Article 477. The timing of detection of deficiencies of the transferred goods.
Article 478. Completeness of the goods.
Article 479. Set of goods.
Article 480. Consequences of the transfer of incomplete goods.
Article 481. Packing.
Article 482. Consequences of the transfer of goods without packaging and (or) packaging or in improper packaging and (or) packaging.
Article 483. Notification of the seller of the improper performance of the contract of sale.
Article 484. Buyer's obligation to accept goods.
Article 485. Price of goods.
Article 486. Payment for goods.
Article 487. Advance payment for goods.
Article 488. Payment for goods sold on credit.
Article 489. Payment for goods by installments.
Article 490. Insurance of the goods.
Article 491. Retention of title to the seller.
Article 492. Retail Sale Agreement.
Article 493. The form of the contract of retail sale.
Article 494. Public offer of the goods.
Article 495. Providing the buyer with information about the product.
Article 496. Sale of goods with the condition of its acceptance by the buyer at a certain time.
Article 497. Sale of goods on samples.
Article 498. Sale of goods using automata.
Article 499. Sale of goods with the condition of its delivery to the buyer.
Article 500. Price and payment for goods.
Article 501. The contract of employment.
Article 502. Exchange of goods.
Article 503. The rights of the buyer in the event of the sale to him of goods of inadequate quality.
Article 504. Reimbursement of the difference in price when replacing the goods, reducing the purchase price and returning the goods of inadequate quality.
Article 505. Responsibility of the seller and the performance of obligations in kind.
Article 506. Supply Contract.
Article 507. Settlement of disputes at the conclusion of a supply contract.
Article 508. Periods for the supply of goods.
Article 509. Procedure for the supply of goods.
Article 510. Delivery of goods.
Article 511. Restoration of the short supply of goods.
Article 512. The range of goods in the replenishment of short supply.
Article 513. Acceptance of goods by the buyer.
Article 514. Responsible storage of goods not accepted by the buyer.
Article 515. Sampling of goods.
Article 516. Payments for the supplied goods.
Article 517. Packing.
Article 518. Consequences of the supply of goods of inadequate quality.
Article 519. Consequences of the supply of incomplete goods.
Article 520. The rights of the buyer in the event of shortage of goods, failure to comply with the requirements for the elimination of deficiencies of the goods or for completing the goods.
Article 521. Penalty for failure to deliver or delay delivery of goods.
Article 522. Repayment of uniform obligations under several supply contracts.
Article 523. Unilateral refusal to execute a supply contract.
Article 524. Calculation of losses upon termination of the contract.
Article 525. Grounds for the supply of goods for state or municipal needs.
Article 526. State or municipal contract for the supply of goods for state or municipal needs.
Article 527. Grounds for concluding a state or municipal contract.
Article 528. The procedure for concluding a state or municipal contract.
Article 529. The conclusion of a contract for the supply of goods for state or municipal needs.
Article 530. Refusal by the buyer to conclude a contract for the supply of goods for state or municipal needs.
Article 531. Execution of a state or municipal contract.
Article 532. Payment for goods under a contract for the supply of goods for state or municipal needs.
Article 533. Indemnification of losses caused in connection with the execution or termination of a state or municipal contract.
Article 534. Refusal of a state or municipal customer from goods supplied under a state or municipal contract.
Article 535. Contracting Agreement
Article 536. Obligations of the Procurer.

Article 562. The rights of creditors in the sale of the enterprise.
Article 563. Transfer of an enterprise.
Article 564. Transfer of ownership of the enterprise.
Article 565. Consequences of the transfer and acceptance of an enterprise with defects.
Article 566. The application to the contract of sale of an enterprise of the rules on the consequences of the invalidity of transactions and on amending or terminating the contract.
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