Chapter 13. General Provisions.
Article 209. Content of the right of ownership.
1. The owner owns the rights to possess, use and dispose of his property.
2. The owner has the right, at his own discretion, to perform with respect to the property belonging to him any actions that do not contradict the law and other legal acts and do not violate the rights and interests of other persons protected by law, including alienating their property into the ownership of other persons, transferring them, while remaining the owner , the right to own, use and dispose of property, to pledge property and encumber it in other ways, to dispose of it in another way.
3. The possession, use and disposal of land and other natural resources, to the extent that their circulation is permitted by law (Article 129), is carried out by their owner freely, unless it damages the environment and does not violate the rights and legitimate interests of others.
4. The owner may transfer his property to the trust management of another person (trust manager). The transfer of property in trust management does not entail the transfer of the right of ownership to the trustee, who is obliged to carry out property management in the interests of the owner or the third party specified by him.
Article 210. Burden of maintenance of property.
The owner bears the burden of maintaining the property belonging to him, unless otherwise provided by law or contract.
Article 211. The risk of accidental loss of property.
The risk of accidental loss or accidental damage to property is borne by its owner, unless otherwise provided by law or contract.
Article 212. Subjects of the right of ownership.
1. In the Russian Federation recognized private, state, municipal and other forms of ownership.
2. Property may be owned by citizens and legal entities, as well as the Russian Federation, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and municipal formations.
3. Features of the acquisition and termination of ownership of property, possession, use and disposal of them, depending on whether the property is owned by a citizen or legal entity, owned by the Russian Federation, a subject of the Russian Federation or a municipality, can be established only by law.
The law defines the types of property that can only be in state or municipal property.
4. The rights of all owners are protected equally.
Article 213. The property right of citizens and legal entities.
1. The property of citizens and legal entities may be any property, except for certain types of property, which, in accordance with the law, may not belong to citizens or legal entities.
2. The number and value of property owned by citizens and legal entities are not limited, except when such restrictions are established by law for the purposes provided for in paragraph 2 of Article 1 of this Code.
3. Commercial and non-profit organizations, except state and municipal enterprises, as well as institutions financed by the owner, are the owners of the property transferred to them as contributions (contributions) by their founders (participants, members), as well as property acquired by these legal entities for other purposes. grounds.
4. Public and religious organizations (associations), charitable and other funds are the owners of the property acquired by them and can use it only to achieve the goals stipulated by their constituent documents. The founders (participants, members) of these organizations lose the right to property transferred by them to the ownership of the respective organization. In the event of the liquidation of such an organization, its property remaining after satisfaction of the claims of creditors is used for the purposes specified in its constituent documents.
Article 214. The right of state ownership.
1. State property in the Russian Federation is property owned by the right of ownership of the Russian Federation (federal property), and property owned by the right of ownership to subjects of the Russian Federation - republics, territories, regions, cities of federal significance, autonomous region, autonomous districts (property of the subject Russian Federation).
2. Land and other natural resources that are not owned by citizens, legal entities, or municipalities are state property.
3. On behalf of the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation, the rights of the owner are exercised by the authorities and persons specified in Article 125 of this Code.
4. Property owned by the state shall be assigned to state-owned enterprises and institutions in possession, use and disposal in accordance with this Code (Articles 294, 296).
The funds of the corresponding budget and other state property not assigned to state enterprises and institutions constitute the state treasury of the Russian Federation, the treasury of the republic within the Russian Federation, the treasury of the region, region, city of federal significance, autonomous region, autonomous region.
5. The assignment of state property to federal property and property of constituent entities of the Russian Federation is carried out in the manner prescribed by law.
Article 215. The right of municipal property.
1. Property owned by urban and rural settlements, as well as other municipalities, is municipal property.
2. On behalf of the municipal entity, the rights of the owner are exercised by the local self-government bodies and the persons specified in Article 125 of this Code.
3. Property in municipal ownership shall be assigned to municipal enterprises and institutions in possession, use and disposal in accordance with this Code (Articles 294, 296).
Local budget funds and other municipal property not assigned to municipal enterprises and institutions constitute the municipal treasury of the respective urban, rural settlement or other municipality.
Article 216. The real rights of persons who are not owners.
1. Real property rights, along with the right of ownership, in particular, are:
the right of lifelong inherited possession of a land plot (Article 265);
the right of permanent (perpetual) use of a land plot (Article 268);
servitudes (Articles 274, 277);
the right of economic management of property (Article 294) and the right of operational management of property (Article 296).
2. Real property rights may belong to persons who are not the owners of this property.
3. The transfer of ownership of the property to another person is not a basis for the termination of other real rights to this property.
4. The real rights of a person who is not the owner shall be protected from their violation by any person in the manner provided for in Article 305 of this Code.
Article 217. Privatization of state and municipal property.
The property in state or municipal ownership may be transferred by its owner into the ownership of citizens and legal entities in the manner prescribed by the laws on the privatization of state and municipal property.
When privatizing state and municipal property, the provisions of this Code governing the acquisition and termination of property rights apply, unless otherwise provided by privatization laws.
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