Chapter 18. Ownership and other real rights to residential premises.
Article 288. Ownership of a dwelling.
1. The owner shall exercise the rights of possession, use and disposal of the living quarters belonging to him in accordance with his purpose.
2. Residential premises are intended for citizens.
Citizen - the owner of the dwelling can use it for personal residence and residence of members of his family.
Residential premises may be surrendered by their owners for residence on the basis of an agreement.
3. Placement of industrial production in residential buildings is not allowed.
Accommodation by the owner in the residential premises belonging to him of enterprises, institutions, organizations is allowed only after the transfer of such premises to non-residential. The transfer of premises from residential to non-residential is carried out in the manner determined by housing legislation.
Article 289. Apartment as an object of ownership.
The owner of an apartment in an apartment building, along with the room it owns as an apartment, also has a share in the ownership of the common property of the house (Article 290).
Article 290. The common property of apartment owners in an apartment building.
1. Owners of apartments in an apartment building belong to the common shared ownership of the common areas of the house, the supporting structures of the house, mechanical, electrical, sanitary and other equipment outside or inside the apartment, serving more than one apartment.
2. The owner of the apartment shall not have the right to alienate his share in the ownership of the common property of a dwelling house, as well as perform other actions entailing the transfer of this share separately from the ownership of the apartment.
Article 291. Fellowship of homeowners.
1. Owners of apartments to ensure the operation of an apartment building, the use of apartments and their common property form a partnership of owners of apartments (housing).
2. The homeowners' partnership is a non-profit organization created and operating in accordance with the law on homeowner associations.
Article 292. The rights of family members of owners of residential premises.
1. The family members of the owner who live in the residential premises belonging to him have the right to use this premises under the conditions stipulated by the housing legislation.
Capable members of the family of the owner, living in the living quarters belonging to him, are jointly and severally liable with the owner for obligations arising from the use of the living space.
2. The transfer of ownership of a residential house or apartment to another person is the basis for the termination of the right to use the residential premises by family members of the former owner, unless otherwise provided by law.
3. Family members of the owner of the dwelling may require the elimination of violations of their rights to the dwelling from any persons, including the owner of the premises.
4. Alienation of a dwelling in which members of the family of the owner of a given dwelling living under guardianship or guardianship or minors of the owner’s family who remain without parental care (as is known to the guardianship authority) reside where the rights or legally protected interests of said persons are living Allowed with the consent of the guardianship authority.
Article 293. Termination of the right of ownership to the homeless contents of residential premises.
If the owner of the dwelling uses it not for the intended purpose, systematically violates the rights and interests of neighbors or handles housing without any management, allowing its destruction, the local government can warn the owner about the need to eliminate the violations, and if they entail destruction of the premises - also assign the owner a proportionate period for room repair.
If, after warning, the owner continues to violate the rights and interests of neighbors or does not use the residential premises for any purpose or does not make necessary repairs without good reason, the court may decide to sell such residential premises at public auction and pay the proceeds to the owner. minus the cost of enforcement of the judgment.
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