Chapter 34. Rent.

Article 606. Lease Agreement.
Under a lease (property lease) agreement, the lessor (landlord) undertakes to provide the tenant (employer) with property for payment for temporary possession and use or for temporary use.
The fruits, products and income received by the lessee as a result of the use of the leased property in accordance with the contract are its property.

Article 607. Rental Objects.
1. Land plots and other isolated natural objects, enterprises and other property complexes, buildings, structures, equipment, vehicles and other things that do not lose their natural properties in the course of their use (non-consumable things) may be leased.
The law may establish types of property, the rental of which is not allowed or limited.
2. The law may establish features of leasing land plots and other isolated natural objects.
3. In the lease agreement, the data must be indicated, which make it possible to definitely establish the property to be transferred to the tenant as a rental object. In the absence of these data in the contract, the condition on the object to be leased is considered not agreed by the parties, and the corresponding contract is not considered to be concluded.

Article 608. Landlord.
The right to lease the property belongs to its owner. Landlords can also be persons authorized by law or the owner to lease the property.

Article 609. The form and state registration of the lease agreement.
1. A lease agreement for a period exceeding one year, and if at least one of the parties to the agreement is a legal entity, regardless of the term, must be concluded in writing.
2. A lease agreement for immovable property is subject to state registration, unless otherwise provided by law.
3. A lease agreement for property that provides for the subsequent transfer of ownership of this property to a tenant (Article 624) is concluded in the form provided for the contract of sale of such property.

Article 610. The term of the lease agreement.
1. A lease agreement is concluded for a period determined by the agreement.
2. If the lease term is not specified in the contract, the lease contract shall be deemed to be concluded for an indefinite period.
In this case, each of the parties has the right to withdraw from the contract at any time, warning the other party about it in one month, and when renting real estate in three months. The law or the contract may establish a different period for warning of the termination of a lease agreement concluded for an indefinite period.
3. The law may establish maximum (limit) terms of an agreement for certain types of lease, as well as for renting certain types of property. In these cases, if the lease term is not specified in the contract and none of the parties refused the contract before the expiration of the deadline established by law, the contract is terminated after the deadline.
A lease agreement concluded for a period exceeding the statutory deadline shall be deemed concluded for a term equal to the maximum one.

Article 611. Provision of property to the tenant.
1. The lessor shall be obliged to provide the tenant with the property in a condition consistent with the terms of the lease agreement and the purpose of the property.
2. The property shall be rented together with all its accessories and the documents relating to it (technical passport, quality certificate, etc.), unless otherwise provided by the contract.
If such supplies and documents were not transferred, but without them the tenant cannot use the property in accordance with its purpose or largely loses what he was entitled to expect when concluding the contract, he may require the landlord to provide such accessories and documents or cancellation contract, as well as damages.
3. If the lessor has not provided the leased property to the tenant within the period specified in the lease agreement, and if no such term is specified in the contract, within a reasonable time, the tenant has the right to reclaim this property from him in accordance with Article 398 of this Code and claim compensation damages caused by the delay in execution, or to demand termination of the contract and compensation for damages caused by its non-performance.

Article 612. The responsibility of the lessor for the shortcomings of the leased property.
1. The lessor is responsible for the shortcomings of the leased property that fully or partially impede the use of it, even if he was not aware of these shortcomings at the time of concluding the lease agreement.
If such defects are detected, the tenant has the right to choose:
to demand from the lessor either free elimination of the defects of the property, or a commensurate reduction of the rent, or reimbursement of their expenses for the elimination of the defects of the property;
directly withhold the amount of expenses incurred by them to eliminate these deficiencies from the rent, having previously notified the lessor of this;
demand early termination of the contract.
The lessor, informed about the tenant’s claims or his intention to eliminate the defects of the property at the expense of the lessor, can immediately replace the property provided to the tenant with other similar property in proper condition or free of charge to eliminate the defects of the property.
If the satisfaction of the tenant’s claims or the withholding of expenses for the elimination of defects from the rent does not cover the losses caused to the tenant, he is entitled to demand compensation for the uncovered part of the losses.
2. The lessor is not responsible for the shortcomings of the leased property, which they agreed upon when concluding the lease agreement or were known in advance to the tenant or should have been discovered by the tenant during the inspection of the property or verification of its serviceability when concluding the agreement or leasing the property.

Article 613. The rights of third parties to the property being leased.
Transfer of property for rent is not a basis for termination or change of rights of third parties to this property.
When concluding a lease agreement, the lessor is obliged to warn the tenant about all rights of third parties to the property being leased (servitude, pledge right, etc.). Failure by the lessor of this obligation gives the tenant the right to demand a reduction of the rent or the termination of the contract and compensation for damages.

Article 614. Rent.
1. The lessee is obliged to pay in a timely manner for the use of the property (rent).
The procedure, terms and conditions for the payment of the rent shall be determined by the lease agreement. In the case when they are not defined by the contract, it is considered that the procedure, conditions and terms are established, usually applied when renting similar property under comparable circumstances.
2. The rent is established for all the leased property as a whole or separately for each of its component parts in the form of:
1) defined in a fixed amount of payments made periodically or at a time;
2) the established share of products, fruits or income obtained as a result of the use of the leased property;
3) the provision of certain services by the tenant;
4) the transfer by the lessee to the lessor of the thing stipulated by the contract for ownership or lease;
5) laying on the tenant of the contractual costs of improving the leased property.
The parties may provide in the lease agreement a combination of the indicated forms of rent or other forms of payment for rent.
3. Unless otherwise provided by the contract, the amount of the rent may be changed by agreement of the parties within the terms stipulated by the contract, but not more than once a year. The law may provide for other minimum terms for revising the amount of rent for certain types of lease, as well as for renting certain types of property.
4. Unless otherwise provided by law, the tenant has the right to demand a corresponding reduction in the rent, if, due to circumstances for which he is not responsible, the conditions of use stipulated in the lease agreement or the condition of the property deteriorated significantly.
5. Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement, in the event of a significant violation by the tenant of the terms for the payment of the rent, the lessor shall have the right to demand from him an early payment of the rent within the time specified by the lessor. In this case, the landlord is not entitled to demand early payment of rent for more than two consecutive terms.

Article 615. The use of leased property.
1. The lessee is obliged to use the leased property in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement, and if such conditions are not specified in the agreement, in accordance with the purpose of the property.
2. The lessee has the right, with the consent of the lessor, to lease the leased property to sublease (sublease) and transfer his rights and obligations under the lease agreement to another person (transfer), provide the leased property for free use, as well as lend the leased property as a deposit in the authorized capital of business partnerships and companies or a share contribution to a production cooperative, unless otherwise established by this Code, other law or other legal acts. In these cases, with the exception of re-leasing, the tenant remains under the contract to the lessor.
The sublease agreement may not be concluded for a period exceeding the term of the lease agreement.
The rules on lease agreements apply to sublease contracts, unless otherwise established by law or other legal acts.
3. If the lessee uses the property not in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement or the purpose of the property, the lessor has the right to demand the termination of the agreement and compensation for damages.

Article 616. Obligations of the parties on the maintenance of the leased property.
1. The lessor shall be obliged to carry out at his own expense a major overhaul of the property transferred in the lease, unless otherwise provided by law, other legal acts, or a lease agreement.
The overhaul must be carried out within the period established by the contract, and if it is not defined by the contract or caused by an urgent need, within a reasonable time.
The violation by the lessor of the obligation to produce capital repairs gives the lessee the right of his choice:
overhaul, stipulated by the contract or caused by an urgent need, and to recover from the lessor the cost of repair or offset it against rent;
demand a corresponding reduction in rent;
demand termination of the contract and damages.
2. The lessee is obliged to maintain the property in good condition, to make current repairs at his own expense and to bear the cost of maintaining the property, unless otherwise provided by law or the lease agreement.

Article 617. Preservation of the lease agreement in force when the parties change.
1. The transfer of ownership (economic management, operational management, life-long inherited possession) on the leased property to another person is not a reason for changing or terminating the lease agreement.
2. In the event of the death of a citizen who leases immovable property, his rights and obligations under the lease agreement shall pass to the heir, unless otherwise provided by law or the contract.
The lessor shall not have the right to refuse such an heir to enter into a contract for the remaining term of its validity, except for the case when the conclusion of the contract was due to the personal qualities of the tenant.

Article 618. Termination of a sublease agreement upon early termination of a lease agreement.
1. Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement, the early termination of the lease agreement shall entail the termination of the sublease agreement concluded in accordance with it. In this case, the subtenant has the right to conclude a lease agreement with him on the property that was in its use in accordance with the sublease agreement, within the remaining term of the sublease under the conditions corresponding to the conditions of the terminated lease agreement.
2. If the lease agreement on the grounds provided by this Code is void, the sublease agreements concluded in accordance with it are also void.

Article 619. Premature termination of the contract at the request of the lessor.
At the request of the landlord, the lease agreement may be terminated early by the court in cases where the tenant:
1) uses the property with a material breach of the terms of the contract or the appointment of the property or with repeated violations;
2) significantly worsens the property;
3) more than two times in a row after the expiry of the payment period established by the contract does not pay rent;
4) does not overhaul the property within the terms established by the lease agreement, and in the absence of them in the agreement within a reasonable time when, in accordance with the law, other legal acts or the agreement, the production of capital repairs is the responsibility of the tenant.
The lease agreement may also establish other grounds for the early termination of the contract at the request of the lessor in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 450 of this Code.
The lessor has the right to demand early termination of the contract only after sending a written notice to the tenant about the need to fulfill his obligation within a reasonable time.

Article 620. Premature termination of the contract at the request of the tenant.
At the request of the tenant, the lease agreement may be terminated early by the court in cases where:
1) the lessor does not provide the property for use to the lessee or creates obstacles to the use of the property in accordance with the terms of the contract or the purpose of the property;
2) the property transferred to the tenant has shortcomings that prevent it from being used, which were not agreed upon by the lessor at the time of entering into the contract, were not known to the tenant beforehand and were not to be discovered by the tenant during the inspection of the property or checking its condition when concluding the contract;
3) the lessor does not carry out capital repairs of his property within the terms established by the lease agreement, and in the absence of them in the agreement within a reasonable time;
4) the property due to circumstances for which the tenant is not responsible, will be in a condition unsuitable for use.
The lease agreement may also establish other grounds for the early termination of the contract upon the request of the tenant in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 450 of this Code.

Article 621. Tenant’s preemptive right to conclude a lease for a new term.
1. Unless otherwise provided by a law or a lease agreement, a tenant who has properly performed his duties, after the expiration of the contract, has all other conditions being equal and has the priority over other persons to conclude a lease agreement for a new term. The lessee is obliged to notify the lessor in writing of the desire to conclude such an agreement within the time specified in the rental agreement, and if such time is not specified in the agreement, within a reasonable time before the expiration of the agreement.
When concluding a lease for a new term, the terms of the contract may be changed by agreement of the parties.
If the lessor denied the tenant a contract for a new term, but within a year from the date the contract expired, he entered into a lease with another person, the tenant has the right to demand in court that the rights and obligations of the contract be concluded and the damages be paid, caused by the refusal to renew the lease agreement with him, or only to recover such damages.
2. If the tenant continues to use the property after the expiration of the contract in the absence of objections from the lessor, the contract is considered renewed on the same conditions for an indefinite period (Article 610).

Article 622. Return of the leased property to the lessor.
Upon termination of the lease agreement, the lessee is obliged to return the property to the lessor in the condition in which he received it, taking into account normal wear and tear or in the condition stipulated by the agreement.
If the tenant has not returned the leased property or returned it out of time, the landlord has the right to demand that the rent be paid for the entire time of the delay. In the event that the specified fee does not cover the losses caused to the lessor, he may claim their reimbursement.
In the event that a contract for a late return of the leased property provides for a penalty, losses may be recovered in full in excess of the penalty, unless otherwise provided by the contract.

Article 623. Improvements to leased property.
1. Separable improvements of the leased property made by the tenant are its property, unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement.
2. In the case when the tenant has made improvements of the leased property at his own expense and with the consent of the lessor, the tenant has the right after the termination of the contract to refund the cost of these improvements, unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement.
3. The cost of inseparable improvements of the leased property, made by the tenant without the consent of the lessor, is not refundable, unless otherwise provided by law.
4. Improvements of the leased property, both separable and inseparable, made at the expense of depreciation deductions from this property, are the property of the lessor.

Article 624. Repurchase of leased property.
1. A law or lease agreement may stipulate that the leased property becomes the property of the tenant upon the expiry of the lease term or before it expires, subject to the tenant's payment of the entire redemption price stipulated by the contract.
2. If the condition on the redemption of the leased property is not provided for in the lease agreement, it may be established by an additional agreement of the parties, who are entitled to agree on the offset of the previously paid rent to the redemption price.
3. The law may establish cases of prohibition of the redemption of leased property.

Article 625. Features of certain types of lease and lease of certain types of property.
For certain types of leases and leases for certain types of property (rental, rental of vehicles, rental of buildings and structures, lease of enterprises, financial leasing), the provisions of this paragraph apply unless otherwise provided by the rules of this Code on these agreements.

Article 626. Rental Agreement.
1. Under the rental contract, the lessor, who leases property as a permanent business, shall provide the tenant with movable property for temporary possession and use.
The property provided under the rental contract is used for consumer purposes, unless otherwise provided by the contract or follows from the substance of the obligation.
2. The rental contract is concluded in writing.
3. The rental contract is a public contract (Article 426).

Article 627. The term of the rental contract.
1. The rental contract is concluded for a period of up to one year.
2. The rules on the renewal of the lease agreement for an indefinite period and on the priority right of the tenant to renew the lease agreement (Article 621) do not apply to the rental agreement.
3. The lessee has the right to withdraw from the rental contract at any time, having warned in writing about his intention to the lessor in no less than ten days.

Article 628. Provision of property to the tenant.
A landlord concluding a rental agreement is obliged to check the condition of the property being leased in the presence of the tenant, as well as familiarize the tenant with the rules for the operation of the property or give him written instructions on the use of this property.

Article 629. Elimination of defects of leased property.
1. When a tenant discovers deficiencies of the leased property that fully or partially impede its use, the lessor is obliged within ten days from the date of the tenant’s statement of deficiencies, unless a shorter period is established by the rental agreement, free of charge to eliminate the defects of the property on site or replace this property other similar property in good condition.
2. If the shortcomings of the leased property were the result of a violation by the tenant of the rules for operating and maintaining the property, the tenant pays the lessor for the cost of repair and transportation of the property.

Article 630. Rent under the contract of hire.
1. The rent under the rental contract is established in the form of payments determined in a fixed amount, made periodically or at a time.
2. In the event of an early return of the property by the tenant, the lessor returns to it the corresponding part of the received rental payment, calculating it from the day following the day of the actual return of the property.
3. Recovery of rent arrears from the lessee is indisputable on the basis of the notary’s executive order.

Article 631. Use of leased property.
1. Capital and current repairs of property leased under a rental contract are the responsibility of the lessor.
2. Submission of the property provided to the lessee under the rental agreement, transferring his rights and obligations under the rental agreement to another person, granting this property for free use, pledge of rental rights and making them as a property contribution to business partnerships and companies or a share contribution in production cooperatives are not allowed.

Article 632. The contract of lease of the vehicle with the crew.
Under the lease (chartering) of a vehicle with a crew, the lessor provides the tenant with a vehicle for a fee for temporary possession and use and provides on its own management and technical maintenance services.
The rules on the renewal of a lease for an indefinite period and on the priority right of the tenant to enter into a lease for a new term (Article 621) do not apply to the lease of a vehicle with the crew.

Article 633. The form of a lease agreement for a vehicle with a crew.
The lease of the vehicle with the crew must be concluded in writing, regardless of its duration. The rules on the registration of lease agreements provided for by paragraph 2 of Article 609 of this Code do not apply to such an agreement.

Article 634. The obligation of the lessor to maintain the vehicle.
During the entire term of the lease agreement of the vehicle with the crew, the landlord must maintain the proper condition of the leased vehicle, including the implementation of current and capital repairs and the provision of necessary supplies.

Article 635. The obligations of the lessor in the management and technical operation of the vehicle.
1. The services provided to the lessee by the lessor for the management and technical operation of the vehicle must ensure its normal and safe operation in accordance with the rental objectives specified in the contract. A lease agreement for a vehicle with a crew may provide for a wider range of services provided to a tenant.
2. The composition of the vehicle crew and its qualifications must meet the rules and conditions of the contract, which are binding on the parties, and if the rules are not compulsory for the parties, such requirements are not established, the requirements of the usual practice of operating a vehicle of this type and the terms of the contract.
Crew members are landlord employees. They are subject to the lessor’s orders relating to management and technical operation, and to the tenant’s orders regarding the commercial operation of the vehicle.
Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement, the costs of the services of the crew members, as well as the costs of their maintenance, shall be borne by the lessor.

Article 636. The obligation of the tenant to pay the costs associated with the commercial operation of the vehicle.
Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement of the vehicle with the crew, the lessee shall bear expenses arising from the commercial operation of the vehicle, including the cost of paying for fuel and other materials consumed during the operation and for paying fees.

Article 637. Vehicle insurance.
Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement of the vehicle with the crew, the obligation to insure the vehicle and (or) insure liability for damage that may be caused by it or in connection with its operation shall be borne by the lessor in cases where such insurance is mandatory due to law or contract.

Article 638. Contracts with third parties on the use of the vehicle.
1. Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement for a vehicle with a crew, the lessee shall have the right to sublet the vehicle without the consent of the lessor.
2. The lessee, within the framework of the commercial operation of the leased vehicle, has the right, without the consent of the lessor, to conclude contracts of carriage and other contracts with third parties if they do not contradict the purposes of using the vehicle specified in the lease agreement, and if such goals are not established vehicle.

Article 639. Responsibility for damage caused to a vehicle.
In the event of the loss or damage of the leased vehicle, the lessee is obliged to compensate the damage to the lessor if the latter proves that the death or damage of the vehicle occurred due to circumstances for which the lessee is responsible in accordance with the law or the lease agreement.

Article 640. Liability for damage caused by a vehicle.
Responsibility for damage caused to third parties by a rented vehicle, its mechanisms, devices, equipment, is borne by the lessor in accordance with the rules provided for by Chapter 59 of this Code. He has the right to submit to the lessee a regressive claim for reimbursement of amounts paid to third parties, if he proves that the damage was caused by the lessee’s fault.

Article 641. Features of the lease of certain types of vehicles.
Transport charters and codes may establish other, in addition to those provided for in this paragraph, peculiarities of leasing certain types of vehicles with the provision of management services and technical operation.

Article 642. Contract of renting a vehicle without a crew.
Under a lease agreement for a vehicle without a crew, the lessor provides the tenant with a vehicle for a fee for temporary possession and use without providing management services and technical maintenance.
The rules on the renewal of a lease for an indefinite period and on the priority right of the tenant to enter into a lease for a new term (Article 621) do not apply to the lease contract for a vehicle without a crew.

Article 643. The form of a lease agreement for a vehicle without a crew.
A lease agreement for a vehicle without a crew must be concluded in writing, regardless of its duration. The rules on the registration of lease agreements provided for by paragraph 2 of Article 609 of this Code do not apply to such an agreement.

Article 644. The obligation of the tenant on the maintenance of the vehicle.
The tenant during the entire term of the lease of a vehicle without a crew is required to maintain the proper condition of the leased vehicle, including the implementation of current and capital repairs.

Article 645. Obligations of the lessee on the management of the vehicle and on its technical operation.
The tenant on his own performs the management of the leased vehicle and its operation, both commercial and technical.

Article 646. The obligation of the tenant to pay the cost of maintaining the vehicle.
Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement of a vehicle without crew, the tenant bears the cost of maintaining the leased vehicle, its insurance, including its liability insurance, as well as expenses arising from its operation.

Article 647. Contracts with third parties on the use of the vehicle.
1. Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement for a vehicle without a crew, the lessee shall have the right to sublease the leased vehicle without the consent of the lessor under the terms of a lease agreement for a vehicle with or without crew.
2. The lessee has the right, without the consent of the lessor on his own behalf, to conclude transportation contracts and other contracts with third parties if they do not contradict the purposes of using the vehicle specified in the lease agreement, and if such purposes are not established, the purpose of the vehicle.

Article 648. Responsibility for damage caused by a vehicle.
Responsibility for harm caused to third parties by a vehicle, its mechanisms, devices, equipment, is borne by the tenant in accordance with the rules of Chapter 59 of this Code.

Article 649. Features of the lease of certain types of vehicles.
The transport charters and codes may establish other, in addition to those provided for in this paragraph, peculiarities of renting certain types of vehicles without providing management services and technical maintenance.

Article 650. A lease agreement for a building or structure.
1. Under a lease agreement for a building or structure, the lessor shall transfer the building or structure to the tenant for temporary possession and use or temporary use to the lessee.
2. The rules of this paragraph shall apply to the lease of enterprises, unless otherwise provided by the rules of this Code on the lease of an enterprise.

Article 651. The form and state registration of the lease agreement for a building or structure.
1. A lease agreement for a building or structure shall be concluded in writing by drawing up a single document signed by the parties (Article 434 paragraph 2).
Failure to comply with the form of a lease agreement for a building or structure entails its invalidity.
2. A lease agreement for a building or structure concluded for a period of at least one year is subject to state registration and is considered to be concluded from the time of such registration.

Article 652. Rights to a land plot when renting a building or structure located on it.
1. Under a lease agreement for a building or structure to a tenant, simultaneously with the transfer of ownership rights to such real estate, the rights are transferred to that part of the land plot that is occupied by this real estate and is necessary for its use.
2. In cases where the lessor is the owner of the land plot on which the leased building or structure is located, the tenant is given the right to lease or otherwise provided by the lease agreement for the building or structure to the relevant part of the land plot.
If the contract does not specify the right to the relevant land plot transferred to the tenant, the right to use that part of the land plot that is occupied by the building or structure and is necessary for its use in accordance with its purpose shall be transferred to it for the lease term of the building or structure.
3. Renting a building or structure located on a land plot that does not belong to the lessor under the right of ownership is allowed without the consent of the owner of this land plot, if this does not contradict the terms of use of such land parcel established by law or by agreement with the land plot owner.

Article 653. The tenant retains a building or structure of the right to use a land plot when it is sold.
In cases where the land plot on which the rented building or structure is located is sold to another person, the tenant of this building or structure retains the right to use a part of the land plot that is occupied by the building or structure and is necessary for its use, under the conditions in effect before the sale of the land plot plot.

Article 654. Amount of rent.
1. A lease agreement for a building or structure must provide for the amount of the rent. In the absence of a written agreement on the amount of rent agreed by the parties, the lease agreement for the building or structure shall be deemed not concluded. In this case, the rules for determining the price provided for by paragraph 3 of Article 424 of this Code shall not apply.
2. The fee for using a building or structure specified in a lease agreement for a building or structure includes a fee for using the land plot on which it is located, or the relevant part of the plot transferred with it, unless otherwise provided by law or contract.
3. In cases when the rent for a building or structure is established in the contract per unit of area of ​​the building (structure) or other indicator of its size, the rent is determined based on the actual size of the building or structure transferred to the tenant.

Article 655. Transfer of a building or structure
1. The transfer of a building or structure by the lessor and its acceptance by the lessee are carried out under a deed of transfer or other document of transfer signed by the parties.
Unless otherwise provided by a law or a lease agreement for a building or structure, the lessor’s obligation to transfer the building or structure to the tenant is considered fulfilled after the tenant’s possession is granted or used and the parties sign the relevant transfer document.
Evasion of one of the parties from signing a document on the transfer of a building or structure under the conditions stipulated by the contract is considered as a failure of the lessor to fulfill the obligation to transfer the property, and the lessee from accepting the property.
2. Upon termination of a lease agreement for a building or structure, the leased building or structure must be returned to the lessor in compliance with the rules provided for by paragraph 1 of this article.

Article 656. The lease agreement of the enterprise.
1. Under the lease agreement of the enterprise as a whole, as a property complex used for business, the lessor undertakes to provide the tenant with a fee for temporary possession and use of land, buildings, structures, equipment and other fixed assets that are part of the enterprise, on conditions and within the limits determined by the contract, stocks of raw materials, fuel, materials and other working capital, rights to use land, water and other natural resources, the building E, plant and equipment, other property rights of the lessor related to the company, the right to designate, individualize activities of the company, and other exclusive rights, as well as to give him the right to demand and to transfer to it the debts relating to the enterprise. The transfer of the rights of ownership and use of property owned by other persons, including land and other natural resources, is carried out in the manner prescribed by law and other legal acts.
2. The rights of the lessor, received by him on the basis of a permit (license) to engage in the relevant activity, shall not be subject to transfer to the lessee, unless otherwise established by law or other legal acts. The inclusion of obligations transferred under the contract of the enterprise, the fulfillment of which by the tenant is impossible without his permission (license), does not release the lessor from the corresponding obligations to creditors.

Article 657. The rights of creditors when leasing an enterprise.
1. Lenders for obligations included in the enterprise must be notified in writing by the lessor of the transfer of the company to the tenant before it is transferred to the tenant.
2. A creditor who has not informed the lessor in writing of his consent to transfer the debt shall have the right, within three months from the date of receipt of the notice of the transfer of the company for rent, to demand termination or early performance of the obligation and compensation for the losses caused by it.
3. A creditor who has not been notified of the transfer of an enterprise for rent in accordance with the procedure provided for by paragraph 1 of this article may sue for satisfaction of the requirements provided for by paragraph 2 of this article within a year from the day he learned or should have known about the transfer businesses for rent.
4. After the company is transferred for rent, the lessor and the tenant are jointly and severally liable for the debts included in the transferred company, which were transferred to the tenant without the consent of the lender.

Article 658. The form and state registration of the lease agreement of the enterprise.
1. The lease agreement of an enterprise shall be concluded in writing by drawing up a single document signed by the parties (clause 2 of Article 434).
2. A lease agreement of an enterprise is subject to state registration and is considered concluded from the time of such registration.
3. Non-observance of the form of a lease agreement of an enterprise shall entail its invalidity.

Article 659. Transfer of a leased enterprise.
The transfer of the enterprise to the lessee is carried out according to the deed of transfer.
Preparation of the enterprise for transfer, including preparation and submission for signing of the deed of transfer, is the responsibility of the lessor and is carried out at his expense, unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement of the enterprise.

Article 660. The use of the property of the leased enterprise.
Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement of an enterprise, the lessee has the right to sell, exchange, lend or loan material values ​​that are part of the property of the leased enterprise, surrender them and transfer their rights and obligations under the lease agreement with respect to such values ​​without the lessor’s consent. to another person, provided that this does not entail a decrease in the value of the enterprise and does not violate other provisions of the lease agreement of the enterprise. This procedure does not apply to land and other natural resources, as well as in other cases provided by law.
Unless otherwise provided by the lease agreement of the enterprise, the lessee has the right to make changes to the composition of the leased property complex, to carry out its reconstruction, expansion, technical re-equipment, increasing its value, without the consent of the lessor.

Article 661. Obligations of the tenant on maintenance of the enterprise and payment of expenses for its operation.
1. The tenant of the enterprise is obliged to maintain the enterprise in the proper technical condition, including the implementation of its current and capital repairs, during the entire term of the lease agreement of the enterprise.
2. The tenant shall be charged with the costs associated with the operation of the leased enterprise, unless otherwise provided by the contract, as well as with the payment of insurance payments for the leased property.

Article 662. The introduction of improvements in the leased enterprise by the tenant.
The tenant of the enterprise has the right to reimburse him for the cost of inseparable improvements of the leased property, regardless of the lessor’s permission for such improvements, unless otherwise provided by the company's lease agreement.
The lessor may be relieved by the court of the obligation to reimburse the tenant for the cost of such improvements if it proves that the costs of the tenant for these improvements increase the cost of the leased property disproportionately to the improvement of its quality and (or) performance properties or principles of good faith and reasonableness were violated.

Article 663. The application to the lease agreement of an enterprise of the rules on the consequences of the invalidity of transactions, on the amendment and on the termination of the agreement.
The rules of this Code on the consequences of the invalidity of transactions, on the amendment and termination of the contract, providing for the return or recovery in kind received under the contract on the one hand or on both sides, apply to the lease of the company, if such consequences do not violate the rights and legally protected interests of creditors landlord and tenant, other persons and do not contradict the public interest.

Article 664. Return of the leased enterprise.
Upon termination of the lease agreement of the enterprise, the leased property complex must be returned to the lessor in compliance with the rules provided for in Articles 656, 657 and 659 of this Code. Preparation of the enterprise for the transfer to the lessor, including the preparation and submission for signing of the deed of transfer, is in this case the responsibility of the tenant and is at his expense, unless otherwise provided by the contract.

Article 665. Financial Lease Agreement
Under a financial lease agreement (lease agreement), the lessor undertakes to purchase the property specified by the tenant from a particular seller and provide the tenant with this property for a temporary possession and use for business purposes. In this case, the landlord is not responsible for the choice of the rental object and the seller.
A finance lease agreement may provide that the choice of the seller and the property being acquired is made by the lessor.

Article 666. Subject of a financial lease agreement.
The subject of a financial lease agreement may be any non-consumable items used for business activities, except for land plots and other natural objects.

Article 667. Notification of the seller of the lease of property.
The landlord, acquiring property for the tenant, must notify the seller that the property is intended to transfer it to a specific person.

Article 668. Transfer to the lessee of the subject of a financial lease agreement.
1. Unless otherwise provided by the financial lease agreement, the property that is the subject of this agreement shall be transferred by the seller directly to the lessee at the location of the latter.
2. In the case when the property that is the subject of a financial lease agreement is not transferred to the tenant within the period specified in this agreement, and if such a period is not specified in the agreement, within a reasonable time, the tenant has the right, if the delay is allowed due to circumstances for which the lessor is responsible , demand termination of the contract and damages.

Article 669. Transfer to the tenant of the risk of accidental death or accidental damage to property.
The risk of accidental loss or accidental damage to the leased property passes to the tenant at the time of transfer of the leased property to him, unless otherwise provided by the financial lease agreement.

Article 670. Responsibility of the seller.
1. The lessee has the right to make directly to the seller of the property that is the subject of a financial lease agreement the requirements arising from the sales agreement concluded between the seller and the lessor, in particular with regard to the quality and completeness of the property, the timing of its delivery, and in other cases of improper performance of the agreement the seller. In this case, the tenant has the rights and obligations under this Code for the buyer, in addition to the obligation to pay for the acquired property, as if he were a party to the contract of sale of the specified property. However, the tenant cannot terminate the contract of sale with the seller without the consent of the lessor.
In relations with the seller, the lessee and the lessor act as joint and several creditors (article 326).
2. Unless otherwise provided by the financial lease agreement, the lessor shall not be liable to the lessee for the seller to fulfill the requirements arising from the contract of sale, except for cases when the responsibility for the choice of the seller lies with the lessor. In the latter case, the tenant has the right to make his own demands, arising from the contract of sale, both directly to the seller of the property and to the lessor, who are jointly and severally liable.

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